Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 32

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::clean() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 33

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 463

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 464

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 465

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 466

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 467

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanArray() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 468

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 35

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 38

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 39

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 46

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 47

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 50

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 53

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 54

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php on line 58

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getApplication() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/index.php on line 31

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class JObject in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/base/object.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplication::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 46

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplicationHelper::getClientInfo() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 132

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getRouter() should be compatible with & JApplication::getRouter($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getPathWay() should be compatible with & JApplication::getPathway($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSite::getMenu() should be compatible with & JApplication::getMenu($name = NULL, $options = Array) in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/includes/application.php on line 377

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 745

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::_createConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 73

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JUtility::getHash() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 101

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/utilities/utility.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 783

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::_createSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 94

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 501

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JSession::set() should be compatible with JObject::set($property, $value = NULL) in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 737

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSession::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 507

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JSessionStorage::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 108

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/session/storage.php on line 57

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/session/storage/database.php on line 64

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 268

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::_createDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 271

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 551

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDatabase::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 563

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 565

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JTable::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/session/storage/database.php on line 69

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPath::find() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/database/table.php on line 91

Strict Standards: Non-static method JTable::addIncludePath() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/database/table.php on line 91

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/database/table.php on line 112

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423

Warning: session_start(): Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 423

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/import.php:29) in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/session/session.php on line 426

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JTable::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 786

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/database/table.php on line 112

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/html/parameter.php on line 21

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getUser() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/includes/application.php on line 53

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 163

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JComponentHelper::getParams() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/includes/application.php on line 60

Strict Standards: Non-static method JComponentHelper::getComponent() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/component/helper.php on line 83

Strict Standards: Non-static method JComponentHelper::_load() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/component/helper.php on line 39

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/component/helper.php on line 196

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JRegistryFormatINI::objectToString() should be compatible with JRegistryFormat::objectToString(&$object) in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/format/ini.php on line 281

Strict Standards: Non-static method JApplicationHelper::getClientInfo() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/includes/application.php on line 61

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLanguage::exists() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/includes/application.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFolder::exists() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/language/language.php on line 265

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPath::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/filesystem/folder.php on line 392

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 166

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getUser() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 174

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 163

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::isEnabled() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 176

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 75

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getDBO() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 174

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getUser() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 175

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 163

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::importPlugin() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/index.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 92

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Redefining already defined constructor for class JPlugin in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/plugin.php on line 75

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JEvent::update() should be compatible with JObserver::update() in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/event/event.php on line 29

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/plugins/system/cache.php on line 47

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/cache/cache.php on line 19

Strict Standards: Non-static method JCache::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/plugins/system/cache.php on line 58

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JCachePage::store() should be compatible with JCache::store($data, $id, $group = NULL) in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/cache/handler/page.php on line 136

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getCmd() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/cache/cache.php on line 87

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getVar() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 255

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::_cleanVar() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 151

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 577

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getLanguage() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/plugin.php on line 113

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 116

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::_createLanguage() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 119

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 683

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLanguage::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 685

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getXMLParser() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/language/language.php on line 760

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 71

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRegistryFormat::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/registry.php on line 373

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFilterInput::clean() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/registry/format.php on line 45

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 97

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 140

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::getPlugin() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 147

Strict Standards: Non-static method JPluginHelper::_load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/plugin/helper.php on line 41

Strict Standards: Non-static method JDispatcher::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 511

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getUser() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/plugins/system/cache.php on line 68

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 163

Strict Standards: Non-static method JRequest::getURI() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/cache/handler/page.php on line 106

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getURI() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/request.php on line 51

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JURI::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 403

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Declaration of JCacheStorage::get() should be compatible with JObject::get($property, $default = NULL) in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/cache/storage.php on line 173

Strict Standards: Non-static method JCacheStorage::getInstance() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/cache/cache.php on line 313

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/cache/storage/file.php on line 37

Strict Standards: Non-static method JError::isError() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/cache/cache.php on line 206

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::load() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 161

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::register() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 138

Strict Standards: Non-static method JResponse::setHeader() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/cache/handler/page.php on line 134

Strict Standards: Non-static method JUtility::getToken() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/plugins/system/cache.php on line 84

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getUser() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/utilities/utility.php on line 124

Strict Standards: Non-static method JLoader::import() should not be called statically in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/loader.php on line 186

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/factory.php on line 163

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getSession() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/utilities/utility.php on line 125

Strict Standards: Non-static method JUtility::getHash() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/utilities/utility.php on line 126

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/utilities/utility.php on line 111

Strict Standards: Non-static method JResponse::setBody() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/plugins/system/cache.php on line 89

Strict Standards: Non-static method JResponse::toString() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/plugins/system/cache.php on line 91

Strict Standards: Non-static method JFactory::getConfig() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/application/application.php on line 394

Strict Standards: Non-static method JResponse::getBody() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/response.php on line 190

Strict Standards: Non-static method JResponse::_compress() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/response.php on line 194

Strict Standards: Non-static method JResponse::_clientEncoding() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context in /home/arairao/public_html/portal/libraries/joomla/environment/response.php on line 222

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Parque Nacional Guaramacal

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Parques Nacionales - Parques por estado
Escrito por Bruno Berroteran   
Viernes, 20 de Agosto de 2010 11:48

Parque Nacional General Cruz Carrillo (Guaramacal)

Valles estrechos y profundos, suelos de baja fertilidad y cuevas sorprendentes. Además presenta cascadas y lagunas entre las que se destaca la Laguna de Los Cedros a 1.800 m.s.n.m., con aguas de color verde, rodeada por un denso bosque. En sus áreas nacen numerosos ríos y quebradas afluentes del Río Boconó, que alimenta al embalse Boconó - Tucupido. También se observan varios ríos caudalosos y cascadas. Estas características tan particulares lo convierte en un parque muy frágil ambientalmente ya que cualquier deforestación, por pequeña que sea, acarrearía un proceso de rápida erosión que convertiría el área en un espacio irrecuperable.

Ubicación

Está ubicado en la Serranía de Guaramacal, en el ramal este de la Cordillera de los Andes. Abarca los estados Trujillo y Portuguesa.

Clima

Tiene temperaturas que van de los 9° C. a los 18° C.

Superficie

Tiene una superficie de 21.491 ha.

Creación

Fue decretado Parque Nacional el 25 de marzo de 1988.


AMBIENTE NATURAL

Información Geológica y Geomorfológica
Los procesos geomorfológicos determinaron la presencia de un relieve abrupto con pendientes que oscilan entre 35% y 60%, valles estrechos y profundos, suelos poco profundos de muy baja fertilidad y la existencia de cuevas. Además presenta cascadas y lagunas entre las que se destaca la Laguna de Los Cedros a 1.800 msnm, con aguas de color verde, rodeada por un denso bosque. En sus áreas nacen numerosos ríos y quebradas afluentes del Río Boconó, que alimenta al embalse Boconó - Tucupido. También se observan varios ríos caudalosos y cascadas que se convierten en centros de atracción para la recreación. Esta característica tan particular lo convierte en un parque muy frágil ambientalmente ya que cualquier deforestación, por pequeña que sea, acarrearía un proceso de rápida erosión que convertiría el área en un espacio irrecuperable.

Vegetación
En las faldas de la montaña por debajo de los 1.600 msnm se observa un complejo bosque medio y semideciduo. Entre esta altura promedio y los 2.500 msnm., se presenta un bosque húmedo de una composición florística muy compleja, con una gran cantidad de variadas epífitas, orquídeas y helechos, en este piso biótico se distingue el yagrumo Cecropia telinitida. Entre los 2.200 - 2.500 msnm. se destacan las pteridófitas (helechos arbóreos o arborescentes) y árboles que sobrepasan los 15 m. A alturas superiores a los 2.500 msnm se observa la vegetación paramera, con el característico frailejón Espeletia sp. El páramo Guaramacal puede distinguirse por un gran endemismo, destacado por la presencia de especies como el frailejón palmero Ruilopezia paltoniode.

Fauna
La fauna se caracteriza por su gran variedad de animales típicos de las regiones andinas. En los bosques húmedos y páramos habita el oso frontino Tremarctos ornatus, en los sectores más bajos se encuentra el venado candelillo Mazama rufina, el cuchicuchi Potos flavus, el zorro guache Nasuella olivacea. También conviven en el parque una gran variedad de avifauna en la que se destaca el paují copete de piedra Pauxi pauxi.

Atractivos

Los atractivos turísticos del Parque Nacional Guaramacal, además de su fauna y vegetación, son las lagunas y quebradas. Una de las lagunas más hermosas es la de Los Cedros, lugar ideal para admirar el paisaje y compartir un rato con la naturaleza. También es necesario visitar la Quebrada de Segovia, allí quien lo desee puede bañarse y disfrutar de la frescura de sus aguas. Si te gusta acampar puedes hacerlo en este parque, previa solicitud de permiso a Inparques.


UBICACIÓN

Horarios
No están establecidos.

Ubicación desde la Ciudad mas Cercana
El Parque Nacional G. Cruz Carrillo (Guaramacal) está ubicado al extremo Oriental de la Cordillera de los Andes, abarcando lo que se conoce como Ramal o Serranía de Guaramacal. Se localiza al Sureste de la ciudad de Boconó y ocupa parte de los municipios Boconó y Sucre, de los estados Trujillo y Portuguesa.

Como Llegar
Por carretera vía Guanare-Boconó. Desde Boconó hay una vía que lleva hasta La Vega de Guaramacal, atravesando el parque. Igualmentre desde Biscucuy se accede a la vertiente sur del parque y llega a La Vega de Guaramacal.
RECOMENDACIONES

Recomendaciones Para el Visitante
Mantenerse en los senderos establecidos, acampar sólo en sitios señalados para tal fin, respetar la señalización, no arrojar ni dejar abandonados desperdicios sólidos, no perturbar la fauna, no causar daños a la flora ni maltratar, marcar o pintar elementos naturales o culturales.

Actividades Prohibidas
Cacería, pesca comercial, recorrido en motocicletas por los caminos y senderos, bucear y bañarse en el espejo de agua.

Permisos
Para acampar, pescar, realizar excursiones de montaña y vuelo libre se requiere permiso de Inparques.

 

 

Laguna de los Cedros

Fuentes: Investigación propia, Inparques

Mapa de los Parques Nacionales de Venezuela

Mapa de los Monumentos Naturales de Venezuela
 Parques Nacionales de Venezuela  Mapa vial de Venezuela Monumentos Naturales de Venezuela
 

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