Narrow and deep valleys, low fertility soils and amazing caves. It also has waterfalls and lagoons among which the Laguna de Los Cedros stands out at 1,800 meters above sea level, with green waters, surrounded by a dense forest. Numerous rivers and tributaries of the Boconó River, which feeds the Boconó – Tucupido reservoir, are born in its areas. There are also several large rivers and waterfalls. These particular characteristics make it a very environmentally fragile park since any deforestation, no matter how small, would lead to a process of rapid erosion that would turn the area into an unrecoverable space.
It is located in the Serranía de Guaramacal, on the eastern branch of the Cordillera de los Andes. It covers the Trujillo and Portuguesa states.
It has temperatures that go from 9 ° C. to 18 ° C.
It has an area of 21,491 ha.
It was decreed National Park on March 25, 1988.
Geological and Geomorphological Information
The geomorphological processes determined the presence of an abrupt relief with slopes that oscillate between 35% and 60%, narrow and deep valleys, shallow soils of very low fertility and the existence of caves. It also has waterfalls and lagoons among which the Laguna de Los Cedros stands out at 1,800 meters above sea level, with green waters, surrounded by a dense forest. Numerous rivers and tributaries of the Boconó River, which feeds the Boconó – Tucupido reservoir, are born in its areas. There are also several large rivers and waterfalls that become centers of attraction for recreation. This particular feature makes it a very environmentally fragile park since any deforestation, no matter how small, would lead to a process of rapid erosion that would turn the area into an unrecoverable space.
On the slopes of the mountain below 1,600 meters above sea level there is a complex semi-deciduous forest. Between this average height and 2,500 meters above sea level, there is a humid forest of a very complex floristic composition, with a large number of varied epiphytes, orchids and ferns, in this biotic floor the yagrumo Cecropia telinitida is distinguished. Between 2,200 – 2,500 meters above sea level. the pteridophytes (arboreal or arboreal ferns) and trees that exceed 15 m stand out. At altitudes higher than 2,500 meters above sea level, we can observe the Moorish vegetation, with the characteristic frailejón Espeletia sp. The Guaramacal páramo can be distinguished by a great endemism, highlighted by the presence of species such as the palm frigate Ruilopezia paltoniode.
The fauna is characterized by its great variety of animals typical of the Andean regions. In the humid forests and páramos inhabits the bear frontino Tremarctos ornatus, in the lowest sectors is the deer candelillo Mazama rufina, the cuchicuchi Potos flavus, the fox guache Nasuella olivacea. There is also a great variety of birdlife in the park, in which the Paují Pauxi Pauxi Stone Cluj stands out.
The tourist attractions of the Guaramacal National Park, in addition to its fauna and vegetation, are the lagoons and streams. One of the most beautiful lagoons is that of Los Cedros , an ideal place to admire the landscape and share a moment with nature. It is also necessary to visit the Quebrada de Segovia, there whoever wishes can bathe and enjoy the freshness of its waters. If you like to camp you can do it in this park, upon request of permission to Inparques.
They are not established.
Location from the Nearest City
The G. Cruz Carrillo National Park (Guaramacal) is located at the eastern end of the Andes, encompassing what is known as the Ramal or Serranía de Guaramacal. It is located southeast of the city of Boconó and occupies part of the Boconó and Sucre municipalities, of the Trujillo and Portuguesa states.
How to get
By road via Guanare-Boconó. From Boconó there is a road that leads to La Vega de Guaramacal, crossing the park. Also from Biscucuy, access to the south slope of the park and reach La Vega de Guaramacal.
Recommendations for the Visitor
Keep on established trails, camping only in designated sites for that purpose, respect signage, do not throw or leave abandoned solid waste, do not disturb the fauna, cause damage to the flora or mistreat, mark or paint natural or cultural elements.
Hunting, commercial fishing, motorcycle tour on the paths and trails, diving and bathing in the mirror.
To camp, fish, mountain excursions and free flight is required permission of Inparques.