Following the course of the main channel that covers the island of Turuépano, you reach the sea and the Antica island. Fascinating corners are Caño Viejo and Laguna Blanca, places where many birds live, it is a spectacle to hear their trills and see them take flight. The Turuépano National Park is an encounter between the waters of the rivers and the sea. Authentic jungles of mangrove forests dominate the landscape, with an amazing vegetation that is possible to appreciate in the excursions around the islands. Following the course of the main channel that covers the island of Turuépano, you reach the sea and the Antica island. Fascinating corners are Caño Viejo and Laguna Blanca, places where many birds live, it is a spectacle to hear their trills and see them take flight. The Turuépano National Park is an encounter between the waters of the rivers and the sea. It is the habitat of an important ichthyofauna. On the other hand, it helps curb floods, decreases droughts and serves as a barrier against hurricanes. This ecosystem is a source of natural wealth, a nesting and spawning site for different animal species. Authentic jungles of mangrove forests dominate the landscape, with an amazing vegetation that is possible to appreciate in the excursions around the islands.
The climate is humid and hot and the temperatures vary between 18 ° C. and 28 ° C.
National Park was decreed on June 5, 1991.
Geological and Geomorphological Information
The landscape has been modeled by the sea, so the sediments are mainly of marine origin, the main geomorphological landscapes are the marshes (mangroves) located near the coasts, the peat bogs, large expanses of water where organic soils are developed that serve from substrate to grasslands, morichales and forests and swampy plains that are plains of silt (fill) marine or marine fluvial almost permanently flooded.
The vegetation varies according to the topographic characteristics, formed by its mangroves, pipes and channels, high rainfall, the effects of tides and soil materials; there are abundant sediments of marine fluvial origin, the herbaceous marshes prevail, the reeds, papyri and cortaderas of the family Cyperaceae being prominent in the plains and in the peat bog associations of ferns of the saw, moss and low-lying mangrove type. Near the coast the marine sediments allow the establishment of the mangroves and as the salinity conditions decrease, the mangrove gives way to the swamp forest. The mangroves occur in pure forests of red mangrove Rhizophora mangle, black mangrove Avicennia germinans, white mangrove Laguncularia racemosa or mixed forests of these species. Jungles and islands of mangroves and other plant varieties proliferate in Turuépano. Orchids abound in La Brea spout. The moriche palm Mauritia flexulosa, the bucare Erythrina sp., The jabillos Hura crepitans, water lilies Nymphaea sp.
The fauna is rich in numbers and species, with the Trichechus manatus, an endangered species, among the mammals. Tapirus terrestris, the monkey Araratatus seniculus, the crayfish fox Procyon cancrivorus, the Agouti paca the monkey Cebus sp., the water dog Pteronura brasiliensis, the silky melero bear Cyclopes didactyla, among others. The avifauna is abundant and varied; The mangrove sparrowhawk Buteogallus equinoctialis, a bird that is locally extinct in other regions and very restricted in the eastern part of the country, the heron Casmerodius albus, the chusmita Egretha thula, the duck güirirí Dendrocygna autumnalis, the guacharaca de agua or chenchena, have been reported. Opisthcocumus hoazin, an outstanding species of the park, la cotua agujita Anchinga anbinga, blue heron Florida caerulescens, the alcatraz Pelecanus occidentalis, the empty bird Tigrisoma lineatum, the osprey Pandion haliaetus, the black chupacacao Daptrius ater, the sparrow hawk Rostrhamus sociabilis, blue rook Porphyrula martinica, corocoro colorao Eudocimus ruber, the pigeon guacamo Columba speciosa, the duck real Cairina moschata; This species is considered very vulnerable, persecuted by poachers to obtain its meat. The Turuépano National Park stands out as a passage of migratory birds. The estuaries or mouths of the rivers are a meeting point for fresh and salt water, there is a variety of fish, mollusks (snails, oysters) and crustaceans (crabs, lobsters, shrimps, etc.). Among the reptiles have been recorded: the baba Caiman crocodilus, the water snake or anaconda Eunectes murinus the alligator of the coast Crocodylus acutus and the alligator of the Orinoco Crocodylus intermedius; endangered species. Large amounts of amphibians and fish are found in the Eastern marsh region.
This park is mainly made up of delta plains with marine influence. It is an ideal place for bird watching and although you can camp, it is recommended to always be accompanied by a guide or connoisseur of the area. Tourists can stay in the vicinity of the park.
They are not established.
Location from the Nearest City
The Turuépano National Park is located in the Eastern Sector of Sucre State, in the delta plains and swampy plains of the Paria Peninsula. In the Benítez, Cajigal, Libertador and Mariño municipalities of the Sucre State.
How to get
By road following the road from Carúpano to Yaguaraparo or towards Guaique, and from there by waterway. The main entrance is through the Puerto Ajíes and the tour of the park can only be done by river. You can get to Carúpano airport by air.
Recommendations for the Visitor
Do not enter only by the pipes, or navigate its waters without a knowledgeable guide of the area. Bring sunscreen, especially cream repellents. It is recommended to be vaccinated against yellow fever to prevent some diseases.
The hunting. Commercial fishing. Extraction of flora and fauna species. Discharge of polluting substances to water courses. Sports competitions that concentrate large numbers of people. Carry firearms or any other that may cause damage to natural resources. Expenditure and consumption of alcoholic beverages. Take photographs or films for commercial purposes without prior authorization.