Jungles, coastal landscapes and Islands.

This National Park includes terrestrial and marine environments of great importance and extraordinary beauty. It is created with the purpose of protecting and preserving biological, cultural, historical and scenic resources of national and international importance and relevance. As well as the preservation of the high basins of important rivers such as Patanemo, Borburata, San Esteban, Goaigoaza, San Diego and Vigirima, essential for the consumption of water in the region and the recovery of Lake Valencia.

The park keeps vestiges of historical and tourist interest such as the old colonial road that linked Puerto Cabello with Valencia, the famous Ojival bridge of Paso Hondo and Fortín Solano, built in 1807. There are also important pre-Columbian archaeological resources. The petroglyphs and menhirs of Vigirima, Piedra Pintada, petrophiles of the Josefina are important. Important indigenous cemeteries belonging to the Araguas and Caribes ethnic groups found in the Tronconero and Borburata sector have been preserved, the latter being the first population founded in the central region of Venezuela in 1549.

GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Decrees

 

Reason
No. and Date
Creation: 1,430 dated January 14, 1987 / GO 33,650 dated 02/02/1987.
Partial Reform of Decree No. 1430: 1.217 dated 02/11/1990 / GO 4.250-E dated 1/18/1991.

 

Plan of Regulation and Regulation of use

 

No. and Date
Nº 1368 dated 10/05/1995 / GO Nº 295.160 dated 04/07/1996.

 

Altimetry
0-1830

 

Weather
Warm rainy.

 

Temperature
20º C – 28º C

 

Precipitation (mm)
700-1,800 mm.

 

Water resources
San Esteban River.

 

state
Carabobo

 

State
Superfice (Ha)
%
Carabobo
43,500
100
Total Area (Ha)
43,500

 

NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

 

Geological and Geomorphological Information
     Located in the Cordillera de la Costa, it encompasses a wide range of ecosystems and diverse landscapes. The relief is rugged with steep slopes and heights that vary from sea level to 1,830 meters above sea level, on Cerro Villalonga. These variations of altitudes determine the important changes in the landscape, climate and vegetation, existing plant formations and animal species of great scientific value for their endemic nature. The park has a valuable water resource, from which numerous rivers are born such as: Los Guayos, Cabriales, Agua Linda, Trincheras, Miquija, Goaigoaza, San Esteban, Borburata, Santa Rita and Patanemo, which drain their waters towards the basin of the Sea Caribbean; Vigirimita, Yapascua, Ucharonal, Los Apios, El Pozote, San Diego, Cabriales, La Umaca and Agua Linda that drain their waters towards the Lake of Valencia.

 

Vegetation
     As in the whole Cordillera de la Costa, here the vegetation is rich and varied, in it coexist xerophilous mountains, bushes, savannas and forests. Mangroves abound on the coast, such as the red Rhizophora mangle and coconut trees Cocoloba uvifera. To the south you can see cardons and spines. Between 200 – 400 meters above sea level, there is a low and deciduous dry forest. Around 700 meters above sea level, the deciduous forest grows, medium to high, where there is abundance of the yacro-tree Cecropia spp., Casia sp., Inga sp., The araguaney Tabebuia chrysantha, the matapalo Ficus sp. and the bucare Erythrina sp. From 900 meters up, the green jungle is born with its varied and complex composition, palm trees grow here, such as the Bactris setulosa macanilla, Chamaedorea pinnatifrons mill cane, Dictyocaryum fuscum cactus palm, Geonoma sp. Shade palmita, the prapa palm Wettinia praemorsa; lianas, epiphytes and imposing trees where the ladle Gryanthera caribensis stands out. In the San Esteban National Park, 125 families, 703 genera and 1,520 species have been registered up to now.

 

Fauna
     The fauna is diverse, including the avifauna, the ichthyofauna and numerous migratory species. Noteworthy are the Procnias averano bellbird, Pauxi pauxi stone paují, Nyctanassa violacea masked chicuaco, Amazona ochrocephala royal parrot, Aratinga pertinax face dirty parrot, Chlorostilbon alice emerald and Ortalis ruficauda guacharaca. In the area of ​​the coast it is common to see the pelican Pelecanus occidentalis, the earwig Fregata magnificens. The mammals are represented by the puma Felis concolor, the jaguar Panthera onca, the tapirus Tapirus terrestris, the báquiro Tayassu tajacu, the cunaguaro Leopardus pardalis and the lapa Agouti paca. Also they emphasize the ophidios, being the most common species the mapanares, the tigra butterfly Bothrops venezuelensis, the viejita Bothrops medusa, the Bothrops atrox and the Bothrops colombiensis; corals Micrurus sp., Micrurus mipartitus semipartitus. Among the nonpoisonous ones are the tragavened Boa constrictor, the black huntress Clelia clelia clelia and the tigra huntress Spilotes pullatus pullatus, the sapa Umbrivaga mertensi, the warbler Leimadophis zweifeli, the huntress Rhadinaea williamsi. In the park lives the crocodile crocodylus acutus, an endangered species, the morrocoy Geochelone sp., The iguana iguana iguana.
LOCATION
Schedule
     The visit to the park is from 08:00 am to 05:00 pm
Location from the Nearest City
     The San Esteban National Park is located in the Carabobo State, Western section of the Serrania de la Litoral of the Cordillera de la Costa Central, between the municipalities of Naguanagua, San Diego, Guacara and Puerto Cabello.
How to get
     By road following the Valencia-Puerto Cabello route. The main entrance is by the road that passes through the Mirador de Solano on the outskirts of Puerto Cabello and before reaching the town of San Esteban. You can get to the coast by boat from the quizandal jetty to Isla Larga. By air to Valencia airport.
RECOMMENDATIONS
Recommendations for the Visitor
     For the practice of underwater activities, obey the basic rules stipulated by the Venezuelan Federation of Underwater Activities, be accompanied, use the international diving indicator buoy and use the areas designated for that purpose. Follow the suggestions of the park ranger.
Forbidden activities
     Hunting, underwater or commercial fishing with trawl, nasa or atarraya. Carry firearms or any other that may cause damage to natural resources. Collect any product from the flora of the park, bonfires, outlets and consumption of alcoholic beverages. Carry out excavations. Make or fix commercial or political advertisements. Park in non-demarcated sites. Enter the park at times not established during visiting hours. Use of sound equipment that alters the tranquility of the park and visitors. Use insecticides. Throw debris of any kind out of containers intended for such purposes. Conduct scientific investigations and take photographs or films for commercial purposes without prior authorization. Extraction of archaeological or historical remains.
Permissions
     Inparques permit to camp is required.

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