DUIDA-MARAHUACA NATIONAL PARK
In the hills Marahuaca, Huachamani and Duida there is a spectacular landscape that will reward the effort that is made to reach its peak. In the Cunucunuma River there are the Picure, Maraña and Wamajatado and Raudal de Rayao waterfalls. You will find sacred monuments and petroglyphs.
The Duida-Marahuaca National Park was decreed on December 12, 1978. It covers an area of 210,000 hectares. located in the central sector of the Amazonas Federal Territory, in the jurisdiction of the Atabapo Department.
Los Carros Duida and Marahuaca are plateaus or tepuis with vertical walls constructed by sandstone rocks of the Roraima formation of the Guayana Shield.
The Park in its frank south limits with the Orinoco River, and in the east and west with the Padamo and the Cunucunuma, respectively.
The temperature varies between 28 ºC in the low sectors and 10 ºC in the summit of the plateaus at 2,580 m. of altitude
|Reason||No. and Date|
|Creation:||2,981 dated 12/12/1978 / GO 2.417-E dated 07/03/1979.|
Warm rain forest of amazonian type.
10º C – 28º C
|Total Area (Ha)||210,000|
Date of the Public Consultation workshops
28 to 07/30/93
Geological and Geomorphological Information
These tepuis rise in the middle of the jungle in the upper basin of the Orinoco River and constitute a formation of abrupt relief, dominated by escarpments of vertical walls, where the sandstone rocks of the Roraima Formation predominate. The Duida has an altitude of 2,358 meters above sea level and the Marahuaca 2,800 meters above sea level.
Low ombophilous forests, flooded, with palms. Forests ombrófilos submontanos eververdes. Ombófilos montanos siempreverdes forests, including Tepuyan low forests. The ever-green submontane ombophilous forests of height between 25 – 35 meters, dense, which occupy the lower slopes of the tepuis between 300 – 600 – 800 m; above this height are the Tepuyan low forests, of medium dense height, with epiphytes that grow on the upper slopes of the massifs. In the summits there are herbazales, shrubs and vegetation of variable density with a very pronounced endemism at the level of genera and species.
Approximately 10% of its flora is endemic, rich in ferns, orchids, bromeliads and cyperaceae.
They are: the Marahuacaea, Steyerbromelia, Heliamphora, Brewecaria. Duidana and Duidaea. Insectivorous plants of the genera Bromelia, Drosera and Utricularia also abound.
In this park, we also find an area with low ombrophilous forests vegetation flooded with palms, consisting of communities of low height, between 4 – 8 meters, with very variable density.
Botanical inventories have reported a total of 167 genera of vascular and phanerogamous cryptograms, including 10 new genera: Amphiphyllum, Tyleria, Tateanhus, Mycerinus, Chorisepalum, Gleasonia, Suidania, Tyleparpus, Tenopadus and Guidaca.
The fauna is very varied, standing out among the mammals the tiger or jaguar Panthera onca, the tapirus tapirus terrestris, the water dog Pteronura brasiliensis, the marmosa of the tepuyes Marmosa tyleriana. More than 200 species of birds are known, among them the Duida emberizoides herbicola duidae, endemic to the tepuis, the hermit straight beak Phaetornis bourcieri, the anteater sable wing Campylopterus duidae, the chubica Nannopsittaca panychlora, the lion bird Momotus momota.
They are not established.
Location from the Nearest City
The Duida-Marahuaca National Park is located in the central sector of the State of Amazonas. Alto Orinoco Municipality.
How to get
By waterway through the Orinoco, Padamo, Iguapo and Cunucuma rivers, or by helicopter to the runways located in La Esmeralda and in the community of Culebra.
Recommendations for the Visitor
When navigating the park take the necessary precautions, the boats must have on board the following minimum safety equipment: one lifeguard per passenger, two paddles, a set of tools, first aid equipment, bags to accumulate garbage.
Hunting, commercial fishing, extraction of species of flora and fauna, discharge of polluting substances into watercourses, sports competitions that concentrate large numbers of people, carry firearms or any other that may cause damage to natural resources, sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages, take photographs or filming for commercial purposes without prior authorization.
To enter the park, make excursions, camping, scientific research you must have permission from Inparques.